Japanese Blueberry, also commonly known as Elaeocarpus, are great low maintenance, high impact, versatile trees. Native to China and Japan, this evergreen can grow to be 60 feet in height and spread.
Captivating year round, these evergreens offer something of interest in every season. New foliage emerges with an eye-catching orange-red tinge that moves to emerald green and then a dark, lustrous green. Mature foliage returns to this orange-red hue, and blazes into brilliant crimson before the leaf drops. Since it is an evergreen, these changes happen gradually, resulting in a beautiful dark green foliage with the brilliant older leaves peppered throughout.
The Japanese Blueberry’s ever-changing palette is seasonally punctuated with small, bell shaped, white flowers and the dark blue, inedible berries that give it its name.
Landscape uses are abundant for this uniquely pleasing, versatile tree. They make great choices for urban landscapes or for areas that are too hot or too wet for similar evergreens
Whether your landscape calls for ten foot tall privacy screens or a five foot tall border planting, the Japanese Blueberry is up to the task. dense foliage sets them apart and allows them to be grown full to the ground or limbed up as clear trunk specimens. Growth habit will be moderately open and rounded if left alone to grow naturally, but they respond well to shaping and can be sheared for more formal applications.
South Japan, South China and warmer
areas of South Korea
Japanese Blueberry, Elaeocarpus
Hardy Range: 9A to 11
Mature Height: 40’ to 60’
Mature Spread: 40’ to 60’
Growth Rate: moderate
Beautiful all year round, the dense foliage on this tree begins a fiery reddish-orange, changing to emerald green and finally to a dark green as it reaches maturity. In Spring, the Japanese Blueberry produces inconspicuous white flowers that give way to small dark blue fruits that are attractive to wildlife, especially birds.
Soil: loam; moist; well-drained
Salt: not rated
Exposure: partial sun to full sun