The Needle Palm, a perennial shrub, is native to the southeastern United
States. A cold-hardy palm and tolerant of drought, the Needle Palm
is adaptable to various soils and sunlight exposures as well. Because of
its adaptability to cold climates, it is often used throughout landscapes in
the north to create a more tropical look year-round.
The Needle Palm grows in a clump-like fashion, adding character to
compact areas. While it is a slow-growing plant, the Needle Palm can
grow up to 6 feet in height and length. It is perfect for planting in small
spaces; however, ample space should be given so passersby are not
pricked by its “needles”. In landscapes, it can be used as a beautiful green
backdrop for flowering plants or around the base of trees.
Once planted, Needle Palms require little attention. When first planted, it
should be watered regularly; however, once established, it can adapt to
dry conditions and extensive rain, requiring minimal maintenance. The
Needle Palm is also naturally pest and disease resistant.
Hardy Range: 6 – 10
Mature Height: 6 – 8’
Mature Spread: 6 – 8’
Growth Rate: slow
The Needle Palm’s leaves are deep green, sharp, and glossy and grow from a wide, textured trunk. Its needle-like spines can grow up to 10 inches long, creating beautiful fan palms which decorate the plant. It produces red drupes and small flowers in various colors including white, yellow, or purple.
Soil: prefers moist, well-drained soil but highly adaptable
Exposure: shade, partial shade, or full sun